SERIES I--VOLUME VI, Chapter XVI [S# 6]
Correspondence, Orders, And Returns Relating To Events
In West Florida, Southern Alabama, Southern Mississippi, And Louisiana
From September 1, 1861, To May 12, 1862.
DEPARTMENT NO. 1, C. S. A.,
Hon. J.P. BENJAMIN,
DEAR SIR: Since my last
communication we have steadily progressed in our preparations for defense.
Six tons of powder have been made, and distributed to the various works in
due proportion. I have increased the armament of Fort Pike by four
42-pounders, Fort Macomb with four 42s and one 8-inch shell gun, Fort
Livingston with one 8-inch columbiad, and Forts Jackson and Saint Philip
with six 42-pounders each. The raft in the river between the last-named
forts has been further secured by four anchors of 3,000 pounds each and
fastened by heavy chains to either shore, and I think will stop a fleet
under the close fire of more than 100 heavy guns (with Commodore Hollins'
assistance about 150). Feeling satisfied that ships under steam can pass
forts in an open channel, I am taking prompt measures to obstruct the
passage at Forts Pike and Macomb, at Berwick Bay, and in the Mississippi
above the city at a point where I shall concentrate the fire of 50 guns of
I have ordered the
Marine Hospital to be fitted up for army use by the quartermaster. On
inquiry I found that we could not rent a hospital for less than $3,000 per
annum, and it would cost half as much more to fit it up. Besides this, we
hire three or four buildings for ordnance stores. The sum of these rents
laid out on the hospital will enable it to answer all purposes, and the
improvements will belong to the Government. Nothing will be lost in rent.
We shall have in
operation in a few days three powder mills, two of which are private
property and one belongs to the city. They will turn out more than 3 tons
per day. The powder is proved; and rejected if much under range. We will
want all the saltpeter that can be had, as we will be able to work up
about 3 tons a day. Permit me to call your attention to the necessity of a
telegraph line between Meridian and Mobile; also between Meridian and
Montgomery. The line hence to Mobile runs along the coast, and can be cut
at any time by a force from the enemy's fleet, to say nothing of the
largely disaffected population on the southern coast of Mississippi. I
inclose you a letter received from Mr. Douglass on this subject.*
It requires immediate attention.
telegraphed me to send him 5,000 men to Columbus. This I declined, as I
have no more than are necessary for the defense of New Orleans and its
approaches. If the river had been obstructed above, so as to prevent a
fleet from passing down, I might have felt justified in giving him some
assistance, but I should have attached more weight to the call if it had
come from General Johnston.
I regret that I cannot
have some columbiads and mortars in addition to my present armament. Some
of the detached companies, transferred from the State service under
General Twiggs' orders, have become much reduced and disorganized by bad
management and poor officers, and I should wish to have power to disband
some and consolidate others, so as to make the force more effective; also
authority, under your sanction, to discharge men in certain cases of
hardship, family affliction, or where they are required for important
work--as, for instance, some cases of widows' only sons, or where parents
have died since entry into service, or where they are required in
founderies or workshops where Government work is being done. I should
exercise such authority very sparingly, and only in cases where I feel
satisfied you would approve.
Colonel Preston, who
was to join my staff, has gone to South Carolina. Am I not entitled to two
officers in the adjutant and inspector general's department--one
lieutenant colonel and one major?
I have received the
appointments of Majors Palfrey and Lanier. General Ruggles has been sick
since his arrival here, which has devolved all the inspection of troops
upon me from Berwick to Mississippi City. I was in hopes that the
President would act on my request in relation to Colonel Duncan. Matters,
however, by dint of incessant attention, are progressing favorably, and I
hope soon to be able to report myself as beyond the chances of an attack.
Has your attention been
called to the fact that the enemy can land near East Pascagoula and march
24 miles over a good road into Mobile? I understand that there are no
intrenched lines on the land side around that city, but can hardly think
it possible that it has not been done. If so, it is an easy road from Ship
Island to Mobile.
Respectfully, your obedient
C. S. Army.
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