Parker's Crossroads Page2    

Parkers' Well
Throughout the battle
Confederate and Union troops used the well

Parkers' House
At the time of the battle the Parkers' house stood here, directly behind it stood a fruit orchard


The Crossroads (west view)
In 1862 the Lexington-Huntingdon Road ran past the foreground of this picture to a junction with a farm road, visible on the left, thus forming Parker's Crossroads; the modern crossroads is marked by the light.
On the morning of the 31st, Federal Colonel Cyrus L. Dunham arrived at this crossroads, and learning that Forrest was approaching the crossroads from the northeast, sent out the 50th Indiana Infantry, part of the 18th Illinois Infantry, and three guns of the 7th Wisconsin Battery. Forrest advanced skirmishers through the field, and then deployed one gun of Freeman's battery. Soon, the 7th Wisconsin's guns had responded, but Freeman's gun got the better of the fight, and had soon dismounted one of the Union cannons. Federal skirmishers entered the field, intent on silencing the Confederate artillery, but were soon thrown back by Freeman's shots of canister. Freeman then called upon his other five guns. The added weight of the five Southern guns pummeling them with fire caused the Federals to begin an orderly withdrawal toward the crossroads

Lieutenant Colonel Alonzo Napier Killed (North View)
Surprisingly, Dunham ordered another assault to be made against Forrest's artillery. As the Union troops executed the order, Confederate Lieutenant Alonzo Napier assaulted the Federal left flank from the northwest. Napier, with several of his men, reached the rail fence at this point, where the men crouched down along the side of fence. Wishing to inspire his men to continue the attack, Napier leapt onto the fence, and soon fell mortally wounded. (The location of Napier's mortal wounding is marked in the above photo by the blue and white sign.)
Forrest now determined to execute a double-envelopment of the Union line

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