Elmira Prison Camp Page6

Enlarge Tunnel escape survivors. Hickory Jackson, Wash B. Traweek, William H. Templin, Cecrops Malone, John Purifoy and Berry Benson

Barry Benson, one of the escapees



Enlarge Tunnel related artifacts of J. P. Putegnat

(April 2009) Enlarge Site of Col. Stephen Moore's living quarters


Lt. Col. Stephen Moore

Stephen Moore was stationed at Elmira under Col. Tracy and was assigned there on October 1, 1864. Moore was the camps executive officer.
Moore was involved in one of Tracy's more controversial decisions while running the camp, special order No. 336: a beef inspection that took place in October of 1864. The order allowed Moore and Major Henry V. Colt to inspect meat in the camp and dispose of it if they did not feel it was fit for use. This was done at a time when beef rations had already been reduced by 20%. Once Moore and Colt had rejected the beef, it was sold to local shops and then to the citizens of Elmira. Moore was in charge of the camp until it's closing in July of 1865. The final figures Moore reported were 2,933 dead in camp, including 24 civilians who most probably were sutlers who were caught with Confederate prisoners in Virginia.

Col. Benjamin Tracy
After the removal of Col. Seth Eastman, Col. Tracy took over the prison of Elmira. His record there is in debate. Letters to Washington show him as a man who was concerned about the state of the prison. He was also constantly at odds with the staff surgeon, Major Eugene F. Sanger, over the treatment of prisoners. Earlier in 1864 he was awarded the Civil War Medal of Honor for service at the Battle of the Wilderness

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