Brandy Station, Virginia Page6
Fleetwood Hill

Photos/text this page courtesy of Craig Swain, Leesburg, VA
For any use of these photos contact

(January 2008) Enlarge  Marker 1   Marker 2   For a student of Cavalry, no other ground, save perhaps the Gettysburg Cavalry battleground, sparks as much interest as Fleetwood Hill. Looking here from the ridge line to the southwest of Fleetwood Hill, the crest of the hill, and the most contested point is near the large modern house. Flat Run crosses the valley in the foreground. Modern James Madison Highway (US 15/29) passes on the right, and further to the right out of frame is the Orange & Alexandria Railroad


(December 2007) Enlarge When arriving at Brandy Station, Gregg hesitated, unsure of the situation or the terrain. Stuart, alerted to the new arrivals, began to shift his forces to meet the new threat. While Buford was assailing "Rooney" Lee's lines at the brick walls to the north, Gregg finally got into motion. At that time only a few Confederate artillery pieces stood on Fleetwood Hill. But the battle soon evolved into a race of opposing cavalry forces as Jones' Confederate brigade shifted from the vicinity of St. James Church to meet Gregg. This photo, taken from the pull off of at tour stop six, shows some of the ground Federal cavalry raced across. Col. Percy Wyndham's brigade advanced directly over the ground the markers now stand upon

(January 2008) Enlarge  Barbour House (also known as Beauregard) stands to the northwest of Fleetwood Hill. From here, Gen. Robert E. Lee observed the fighting. In the later stages of the contest for Fleetwood Hill, he would order up infantry from Culpeper to reinforce Stuart's winded troopers



(January 2008) Enlarge Close up view of Fleetwood Hill. Initially, only a few artillery pieces directed by Maj. Henry B. McClellan, Stuart's adjutant, covered the hill. First Wyndham and Jones' brigades would charge and countercharge the hill. Later Col. Hugh Judson Kilpatrick's Federal brigade would gain some temporary foot holds before portions of Hampton's Confederate Brigade arrived to countercharge

(January 2008) Enlarge Looking to the west of the crest of the hill, Confederate artillery positioned here remained an objective and an impediment to Federal mounted charges. When Gregg got indication of Confederate infantry moving up, he broke off the fight here and began to work his way toward Rappahannock Station and back across the river


(December 2007) Enlarge   Marker   Serving as the Brandy Station Foundation Headquarters and Visitors Center is the Graffiti House. The house saw much traffic during the war as armies marched past on several occasions. Soldiers being soldiers, they left their marks, quite literally
Brandy Station Website with details of the graffiti and some photos
National Register of Historic Places paperwork offers even more details of the graffiti (PDF)


(December 2007) Enlarge   Marker   To the southwest, off Brandy Station Road (CR 762) are the fields used by Stuart's cavalry for the series of grand reviews in the days prior to the battle. The site is in front of a Virginia State Police station


(December 2007) Enlarge  Looking from the parking lot of the State Police Station back toward the road

  NEXT: Town of Brandy Station and Brandy R/R Station

Brandy Station Page1    Page2    Page3    Page4    Page5    Page6    Page7    Next

Sites by State Home       Site Index