James C Barrs War Between the States
By GG Grandson Al Barrs
James C. Barrs was born 1821 on the Twiggs County Georgia plantation of
his parents Arthur Barrs born 1792 in Lenoir County North Carolina and
Nancy Elizabeth Campbell-Barrs born 1793 in North Carolina.
Barrs was reported to be age 43, 5' 7" tall with dark skin and
and blue eyes.
James C. Barrs, along with his brother, William W. Barrs, was in the
Brooks County Georgia Militia as part of the 81st Battalion during
1861-62. He then enlisted August 4, 1863 at age 42 in Quitman, Brooks
County, GA in Captain Wiley W. Groover's 11th Georgia Calvary, Georgia
State Guards of Company "D" Confederate States of America for a regular
enlistment of six months, as did his oldest son James Henry L. Barrs (Born
1845 in Lawndes County Georgia.) and his brother William W. Barrs.
James C. Barrs was 5'7" tall, had dark skin and hair, and blue eyes. James
C. Barrs then on May 6, 1864 enlisted again in Quitman, Georgia in Company
E, 1st Regiment (Symon's) of the Georgia Infantry State Reserves CSA for
the duration of The War. He was appointed 4th Sergeant. His Company served
at the City Lines in Savannah, GA from May 6, 1864 through June 30, 1864.
They then served at Camp Fleetwood from July through August of 1864. His
Company's final billet was at Fort McAllister, GA from September until the
fort was captured on December 13, 1864 by Union General Sherman's forces
on their infamous “March to the Sea”.
He was admitted to Hospital #2, Savannah, GA on August 18, 1864 for a
lengthy illness (Typhoid Fever). He was furloughed home on September 19,
1864. He was "demoted" to Private upon returning to his unit.
He was captured at twilight, along with the rest of the Fort McAllister
garrison of 155 troopers, (55 were killed) on December 13, 1864 and sent
to Hilton Head Provost Hospital with Typhoid Fever to be treated and await
transport to a Northern Military Prison.
James C. Barrs had fortunately not been killed or wounded in battle. All
captured CSA troops from Fort McAllister were sent to Hilton Head, South
Carolina to await Union transportation to prisoner of war camps in the
North. James C. Barrs was admitted to the Union Military Provost Guard
Hospital in Hilton Head, SC with Typhoid Fever on January 10, 1865. He
survived the Typhoid Fever and was sent to the Fort Delaware Union Prison.
He arrived at Fort Delaware Prison on March 4, 1865. He was released from
Fort Delaware Prison on June 16, 1865 after signing “The Oath” that he
“would not bear arms against the United States of America ever again.” He
was sent to New York, NY by way of Philadelphia, PA and put on a boat with
500 other released CSA prisoners and sent to Jacksonville, FL. One young
CSA veteran, Samuel Lewis Moore, wrote a vivid account of the events that
has since become a part of Jefferson County, Florida’s history records.