From the time Ft. Washita was established in 1842 until it was officially abandoned by
the United States Army April 16, 1861, more than 100 officers were stationed there. At the
outbreak of the Civil War approximately one forth of them sided with the south, a dozen of
them became Generals for the Confederacy and 19 became general officers of the United
States Army. Some of these officers are listed below. They are listed by name, rank and
date when located at Ft. Washita, the state that they were from, their rank attained
during the Civil War and a highlight on each.
Carr, Eugene Asa
Captain 1st Cavalry, December 1858, New York
Major General, Dept. of Arkansas. He fought at Wilson's Creek, wounded three times at Pea
Ridge where he earned the Congressional Medal of Honor, Vicksburg, Little Rock and Mobile.
For more than two decades he remained active on the frontier against Indians. He retired
2nd Lt. 1st Dragoons, May 1854, Kentucky
Major General, Dept. of the Cumberland. He was taken prisoner in San Antonio when Texas
seceded. He was exchanged in 1862. He fought at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville,
Gettysburg, Mine Run, Covington, Nashville and Mobile. He retired into the real estate
business in Cincinnati.
Hancock, Winfield Scott
2nd Lt. 6th Infantry, November 1845, Pennsylvania
Major General, Dept. of West Virginia. He fought at the Peninsula, Williamsburg,
Fredericksburg, Marye's Heights, Chancellorsville, wounded at Gettysburg, Wilderness,
Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Reams Station. Remaining in the Army after the
war he died in the service while on active duty. He was a candidate for President in 1880.
Harney, William Selby
Colonel U.S. Regiment of Riflemen, June 1843, Louisiana
Brigadier General, Army of the West. Due to his close liaisons of family and friends of
pro-sessionist sentiment, and being from the deep south himself, Harney was closely
watched. He was relieved of command when he signed a pact with Sterling Price not to use
U.S. troops in Missouri as long as Price's troops did not take action against Federal
authorities. Harney resigned from the Army after not receiving another command in 1863. He
spent his retirement in Mississippi.
Hunt, Henry Jackson
Major 2nd Artillery, August 1853, Michigan
Brigadier General, Army of the Potomac. He along with W. French and W. Barry wrote the
revised tactics for field artillery which both sides used throughout the Civil War. He
fought at Bull Run, Malvern Hill, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg and Petersburg. He
remained in the army until 1883. He became the governor of the old soldiers home in
Washington City (D.C.).
Marcy, Randolph Barnes
Captain 5th Infantry, June 1850, Massachusetts
Brigadier General, Army of the Potomac, He served in the field with his son-in-law George
McClellan at the Peninsula and Antietam. He later served as inspection general, a roll he
would again serve after the war. He retired in 1881 in Washington City (D.C.).
Miles, Dixon Stansbury
Lt. Colonel 5th Infantry, May 1849, Maryland
Colonel Middle Dept. His troops were held in reserve at 1st Bull Run where he was brought
up on charges of drunkenness. He was reassigned to Harpers Ferry Depot where he was slain
while surrendering his forces to Stonewall Jackson.
Neill, Thomas Hewson
1st Lt. 5th Infantry, October 1850, Pennsylvania
Brigadier General, Middle Dept. He fought at Yorktown, Williamsburg, Seven Pines, Malvern
Hill, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Marye's Heights, Mine Run, Spotsylvania, Cold
Harbor, and Cedar Creek. He retired from service in 1883 in Texas.
Capt., Topographical Engineers, May 1854, Kentucky
Major General, Dept. of the Northwest. He served in the campaigns of New Madrid, Island
#10, Memphis, Corinth, Cedar Mountain and 2nd Bull Run. He was later transferred west to
deal with the Sioux uprising. He retired in 1888.
Reynolds, Joseph Jones
1st Lt. 3rd Artillery, November 1855, Kentucky
Major General, Dept. of the Gulf. He fought at Tullahoma, Chickamauga, and Mobile.
Remaining in the army after the war, he would be court martialed in 1876 for his actions
on the Powder River Expedition. He returned to his home in Kentucky in 1877
Rucker, Daniel Henry
1st Lt. 1st Dragoons, April 1845, New Jersey
Major General, Quartermasters Depot Washington, D.C. Rucker held this position throughout
the war and until his retirement in 1882. He spent his remaining years in the nations
Standley, David Sloan
Capt. 1st Cavalry, April 1861, Ohio
Major General, Army of the Cumberland. He fought at Wilson's Creek, Island #10, Iuka,
Corinth, Tullahoma, Atlanta, Resaca, and Franklin where he earned the Congressional Medal
of Honor. He remained in the Army on the frontier until his retirement in 1892.
Wood, Thomas John
Capt. 1st Cavalry, December 1858, Kentucky
Major General, Army of the Cumberland, He fought at Perryville, wounded at Murfreesboro,
Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, wounded again at Love Joy Station, and Nashville. Due
to his wounds he retired in 1866. He spent his remaining years in Kentucky.
Confederate States Army
Anderson, Richard Herron
2nd Lt. 1st Dragoons, August 1843, South Carolina
Lt. General, Army of Northern Virginia, Wounded at Antietam, he fought at Manassas, Seven
Pines, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, The Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold
Harbor, his command was destroyed at Sayler's Creek. He survived the war and died
impoverished in his home state.
Armistead, Lewis Addison
1st Lt. 6th Infantry, November 1845, North Carolina
Brigadier General, Army of Northern Virginia, fought at Seven Pines, 2nd Bull Run,
Antietam where he was wounded, Fredericksburg, and fell mortally wounded at Pickets charge
Lt. Colonel 3rd Artillery, July 1854, North Carolina
General, Army of Tennessee, he fought at Shiloh, Corinth, Perryville, Murfreesboro,
Tullahoma, Chickamauga, and Chattanooga. After the war he settled in Texas where he died.
2nd Lt. 1st Dragoons, September 1845, Kentucky
Brigadier General, Department of Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. He fought at
Vicksburg, Jackson, Brice's Crossroads, Tupelo and wounded at Lindville. He returned to
Kentucky to raise horses at the end of the war, but committed suicide after the deaths of
his wife and son.
de'Lagnel, Julius Adolphus
1st Lt. 2nd Artillery, August 1853, New Jersey
Brigadier General, Army of Northern Virginia. He fought at Rich Mountain where he was
wounded and captured. He was exchanged and served as ordnance officer. After the war he
was engaged in shipping out of Washington City (D.C.).
Fauntleroy, Thomas Turner
Major 2nd Dragoons, October 1842, Virginia
Brigadier General, Provisional Army of Virginia. Not pleased with his treatment (and of
his assignments) from the Confederate government he resigned August 17, 1861 and sat out
Holmes, Theophilus Hunter
Major 7th Infantry, May 1851, North Carolina
Lt. General, District of Arkansas and Trans-Mississippi. He fought at Seven Days Campaign,
Prairie Grove, Helena, he ended the war organizing the Reserves in North Carolina where
after the war he retired as a farmer.
1st Lt. 1st Cavalry, April, 1859, Georgia
Brigadier General, Dept. of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Wounded at Gaine's Mill
he recovered to fight at South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorville,
Gettysburg where he suffered a breakdown. He later took part in the Atlanta Campaign and
the defenses at Savannah. After the war he became a citrus farmer in Florida.
Long, Amistead Lindsay
1st Lt. 2nd Artillery, September 1855, Virginia
Brigadier General, Army of Northern Virginia. After serving as advisor to President Davis,
he served with Lee at Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and
surrendered at Appomattox. He became a Civil Engineer in Charlottesville, North Carolina
after the war.
Pearse, Nicholas Bartlett
2nd Lt. 7th Infantry, June 1852, Kentucky
Brigadier General, Arkansas State Forces, District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. He
fought at Wilson's Creek but his forces voted not to join the Confederacy after the
victory. He was appointed Chief of the Commissary for the Trans Mississippi. He was
accused of working with speculators who were making large profits off of government goods.
He resigned and retired somewhere in the southwest.
Major 5th Infantry, February 1849, Massachusetts
Brigadier General, Army of the Mississippi. He fought at Shiloh and later became
Commissary General of Prisons. After the war he became a Texas planter.
Sibley, Henry Hopkins
1st Lt. Regimental Adjutant, October 1843, Louisiana
Brigadier General, Army of New Mexico. He fought at Valverde, and Glorieta Pass. Designer
of the conical Sibley field tent used by both armies, his fondness for the bottle
prevented much of a military career. After the war he served in the Egyptian Army as an
If any historic discrepancies are found in the above text please
me with the corrections and the source.