The Vicksburg Campaign, a
Virtual Tour, one of the many selections of CivilWarAlbum.com.
The tour contains numerous photos
and panoramas related to the 1862-63 Vicksburg
Campaigns. Photos are from 1991
March 2012, taken
during visits to campaign sites in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi
and Tennessee. See
Latest Updates for links to recently added material.
We wish to extend a special
Thank-you to the
Contributors who have generously submitted their photos for
display in the CivilWarAlbum.com Photo Albums.
Enjoy your visit.
By late 1862, Vicksburg was
the most important Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi. Situated
overlooking a bend in the river, Vicksburg bristled with defense
presented a formidable obstacle to
Union General U.S. Grant
as he set about to open the river to the Union. “Vicksburg is the
key”, said President Lincoln, and “the War can never be brought to a
close until the key is in our pocket”.
Lt. General John C.
Pemberton in command of 50,000
troops surrounding the fortress city. Failed Union initiatives at
Yazoo Pass and
Duckport made it
apparent why Vicksburg was known as the ‘Gibralter of the
Grant decides to assemble Union forces south of Vicksburg, mobilize on
the east bank of the Mississippi and attack Vicksburg from the east.
This required Rear
Admiral David Porter’s fleet to run the gauntlet past the
defensive guns at Vicksburg and, farther south, bombard
Grand Gulf in an attempt
to secure a landing.
Finally, on April 30th, 1863, Grant’s troops came ashore on the east
bank of the river in a massive amphibious landing at
Bruinsburg. The Union
invasion had begun.
Grant’s diversionary tactics and victories at
Jackson stretch Pemberton’s
army dangerously thin. On May 16th, a crucial battle at Champion Hill
brings Union forces closer to Vicksburg. (See an extensive and
detailed account of this battle on CivilWarAlbum.com-
After another confrontation at
Big Black River,
Union forces attempt to take the city by assault but suffer heavy
casualties. Grant orders Vicksburg placed under siege and closes all
supply routes. The 47-day siege causes great
suffering among Confederate civilians and soldiers alike and finally,
on July 4th, 1863, Pemberton
surrenders. The six month campaign and siege claims 19,000
casualties and deals a crippling blow to the Confederacy.
Today, the Vicksburg National
Military Park is one of the largest and best preserved Civil War
battlefields in the nation. The Park is home to over 1,300 monuments
and markers, a 16- mile auto tour, the
USS Cairo museum as
well as the
Vicksburg National Cemetery, one of the most beautiful in the
Courtesy of Rick Jordahl, KC, MO